Event sponsored by Instituto Ideal in Florianópolis, on June 2, stressed the importance of capacity building in the sector.
When presenting an economic panorama of the Brazilian energy matrix, during the 6th Seminar Energia + Limpa (“Cleaner energy”), professor of COPPE/UFRJ, Luiz Pinguelli Rosa, was assertive: there is a great deal to be developed in Brazil’s energy industry, especially in the renewable sector. For Pinguelli, rising production costs, import of derivatives and the financial problems faced by Petrobras and Eletrobras are some of the main factors that have led to a change of the current scenario. “The main sources of energy in our matrix are not sustainable, nor efficient. So, I believe in alternative sources such as wind energy, especially considering the seasonal factors of sources, and solar energy, which has great distribution potential”, he noted.
Challenges to professional training in the renewable sector was the subject of the Panel moderated by the professor at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Ricardo Rüther, which brought together the regional director of SENAI/SC, Jefferson de Oliveira Gomes, and the Dean of the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (IFSC), Maria Clara Kaschn Schneider. According to Schneider, it is crucial to develop teaching, research and extension activities aligned with the productive sector and the market’s actual demands. For the Dean, the productive chain of the renewable industry is still very new and, therefore, we must invest in mechanisms aimed at continuing education to train teachers at different levels and modes. “In Brazil, specific courses in that area are still very recent, but I believe they should be focused on interdisciplinarity, with a broader and interdisciplinary curriculum”.
For the regional director of SENAI, one of the challenges of training in the industry, is understanding the concept of sustainability. According to Gomes, this is a very complex definition, considering that it involves social, economic and environmental issues. “I believe that active methodologies, which predict the involvement of students as main agents responsible for learning, may be a way to do that. We must invest in a global education, while working locally. In other words, we must have a certain level of expertise, but rely primarily on a solid basic and more universal training “, he advocates.
Latin American tropicalization and integration
Along with training, experts gathered at the Seminar, held at FIESC, have considered the development of the domestic industry in the renewable market as a key driver in this market. The panel, moderated by the president of the Energy Affairs Bureau of FIESC, Otmar Josef Müller, was also attended by the manager of the Department of Accreditation of Machines, Equipment and Systems of BNDES, Adriane Helena Rodrigues; the general coordinator of the Biotechnology, Energy and Information Technology and Communication Department of Innovation of MDIC, Luciano Cunha de Sousa; the Sales Director of the Weg Group, Harry Schmelzer Neto and the CEO of SCGás, Cósme Pôlese.
According to Rodrigues, the development of solar energy in Brazil should occur similarly to that of wind energy, forming a virtuous cycle of encouragement to the industry whereas consolidation of a supply chain must be a priority. For Sousa, the creation of a market in this sector occurs more slowly, because, unlike what occurs in other industries, the energy market is characterized by strong government control. “There must to be awareness about the importance of the energy industry in the industrial context as a whole, and it is certainly a long-term job,” he said. Schmelzer Grandson, on the other hand, defended a change of thinking about energy marketing, mostly in the form of auctions. He believes that the announcement of new auctions may lead to a boom in the production of renewables, which would mean a chance of growth for the local industry.
The development of the biogas chain was also highlighted in the debate. The CEO of SCGás stressed the importance of tropicalizing foreign models and technologies, and setting policies for support and encouragement of the biogas chain. “In Santa Catarina, the generation potential with biomethane is so big that, with the appropriate investment in distribution infrastructure, we could definitely stop importing gas in the state. We should soon launch a public notice for the purchase of biomethane”, he announced.
The event was organized in collaboration with UFSC and had the support of FIESC and the German Cooperation for Sustainable Development, through the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), and sponsored by the following institutions and companies: Brazilian Development Bank for Southern Brazil (BRDE), Araxá Energia Solar, Solar Energy do Brasil, Celesc, Caixa ,Eletrobras ,Eletrosul and Tractebel. Furthermore, it has the institutional support of Ambiente Energia, Electricity Trade Chamber (CCEE), Brazilian Wind Energy Association (ABEEólica), Brazilian Association of Energy Traders (Abraceel) and Brazilian Council for Sustainable Construction (CBCS).